Xi’an is located in the central of China’s geographic layout where spread over the beautiful and fertile Guanzhong Plain. With Weihe river to the north, the Qingling mountain to the south, and eight rivers such as Ba, Chan, Feng, Zao, Jue, Gao, Jing and Wei river around the city, there is a saying that “eight of water around the chang’an”. The urban forest coverage rage is 48%, and the green space rate is 33.8%. It is also an important national base for research, education and industry, and was awarded as “World-famous Historical City”, “National Civilized City” and “World-famous Gastronomic City”.
There are 11 administrative districts in Xi’an such as Xincheng, Beilin, Lianhu, Yanta, Weiyang, Baqiao, Yanliang, Lintong, Chang’an, Gaoling, and Hu yi, and two more counties, Lantian and Zhouzhi. With the total area of 10752 square kilometers, the residential population of Xi’an is more than 12 million.
With a long history and profound cultural heritage, Xi’an is one of the birthplace of the Chinese nation and human civilization, world-famous historical and cultural city for tourism, and the start point for the Ancient Silk Road. There were 13 dynasties such as Zhou, Qin, Han and Tang that founded capitals successively. The number of tourist attractions is total 3246, including the Terracotta warriors and horses of the Qin mausoleum, the Daming Palace Site in Chang’an city of the Tang dynasty, the Big Wild Goose Pagoda, and the Small Wild Goose Pagoda, the City Wall of the Ming dynasty, and the Forest of Stone Tablets Museum. Among them, there are 6 world cultural heritage sites, and 52 key cultural relics sites under the state protection, more than 120 museums of various types. Xi’an is known as the “Natural History Museum” in China.
As a modern and innovative city full of vigor and vitality, Xi’an has a number of key sectors like National-level High-tech Industrial Development Zones (Gao Xin district) , Economic and Technological Development Zones (Jing Kai district ), Qujiang Cultural New District, Chan Ba Ecological Zone, National Aerospace High-tech Industrial Base, National Civil Aerospace Industrial Base, and International inland Port Development zone. The government started its administrative power over Xi’xian New District from 2017. With 63 universities and colleges, 122 national-level key laboratories and 122 national-level technical research or industry testing centers, and more than 3,000 research institutes of various types, with 460,000 professional and technical personnel, including academicians of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and Chinese Academy of Engineering, Xi'an ranks in the forefront of scientific and technological strength in China. The “Development Plan for Guanzhong-Tianshui Economic Zone ” of the State Council makes clear that Xi’an must be built an international metropolis with historical and cultural features.The implementation of the national “One Belt and One Road” strategy, the unveiling of the China (Shaanxi) Free Trade Pilot Zone, and the acquisition of reputation of National Central City opened a new chapter in the way of development of Xi’an.
Xi'an is a city of history: it has a long history and splendid culture
When it comes to Chinese history, Xi’an is undoubtedly the city that can best reflects China’s profound history. Former U.S. President Clinton said: If you want to understand Chinese history, you must start from knowing Xi'an.
——A long history of civilization
Xi'an was called Chang'an in ancient times, and the English word “China” originated from the Chinese old phrase “chang’an”. As early as the Paleolithic period about 700,000 to 1,150,000 years ago, Xi'an was a colony of Homo erectus Lantianensis. In the early Neolithic period more than 8,000 years ago, Xi'an had already formed the primitive settlements such as “Hua Xu gu guo (ancient country Hua Xu)” and “Ban Po", "Jiang Zhai", "Hui Dui Po" and others. The discovery of the "Yang Guan Zhai" site further promoted the history of Chinese cities dating back to 6,000 years ago. Xi'an was thus listed as one of the "10 oldest cities in the world," and it was also the first international metropolis to have the population of more than one million.
——A long history of capitals ’construction
Xi'an has a history of building the city more than 3,100 years and setting as the capital more than 1133 years. It has created the four most powerful dynasties in China's history: the Western Zhou Dynasty, the peak of the Chinese slave society; the Qin Dynasty, the first Great Unified Reign Empire of China; the Western Han Dynasty, the first prosperous period in China; the Tang Dynasty, the peak of the feudal society in ancient China. The Tang Dynasty was the ancient capital of China, which had the longest history of in China. With the long history of building the empire and numerous capitals, Xi’an is the most influential capital in ancient times. It was also included in “the Four Ancient Capitals of the World” with Athens, Cairo, and Rome. Since the founding of New China, more than 200 heads of state and leaders have visited Xi'an, especially Indian Prime Minister Modi made his first visit to China in 2015, and Xi’an has become a interpretation of “national leaders’ hometown diplomacy”.
Xi'an is a city of inclusiveness: it inherits traditions and fully incorporate, tolerant and open-minded.
Xi'an is an extremely inclusive city. Throughout the ages, a variety of cultures have been exchanged, interflew and interwoven here, it takes shape of a culture into antecedents of compatibility and combination in Xi’an.
——Deep cultural heritage
——Xi'an is the cradle of traditional Chinese culture and an important node city in the world's cultural landscape. Zhang Qian went to the Western Regions from here, unsealed the Millennium Silk Road civilization; Sima Qian wrote here on China's "Homer Epic"-"Historical Records"; Tang Xuanzang embarked on a long journey to the West from here to pursue his faith; Li Bai and Du fu left here with hundreds of classical poems; Zhang Zai founded here "For the sake of the Nature, for the sake of the people, for the sake of saints, keep learning and make a peaceful age for later generations." the "Guan xue"… Xi'an is also an important birthplace of religion. Among them, Lou Guan Temple enjoys the reputation of "Headquarter of the Taoism in seventy-two blessing places" There are six ancestral homes in Xi'an, where Christianity has been introduced for more than 1300 years. Xi'an is therefore figuratively called "one city of culture, half city gods."
——The combination of diverse cultures.
As early as in the Tang Dynasty, Xi’an was a world-famous international metropolis. Foreign envoys, scholars, businessmen, monks and priests amounted to 100,000. This had a profound impact on the mutual culture spreading and integration of Chinese and Western civilizations. The Italian traveler, Marco Polo, travelled here in 1275 AD and spread Eastern culture to Europe. At present, there are more than 10,000 foreigners living in Xi’an, and more than 1.5 million foreign visitors each year. Xi’an continues to play an important role and being a bridge for the communication between Eastern and Western civilization.
——A broad minded city
"Openness and inclusiveness" is an important connotation of Xi'an's urban spirit. On one hand, Xi’an culture has been continuously spread out, and Xi'an has been used as a photographic plate to show the history of China to the world and a “business card” of Chinese culture. On the other hand, efforts made to create an environment for investment and development that focuses on repect merchants, close to merchants, settle down merchants and assist on merchants. A convinient and newly-settlers friendly enviroment of travelling,schooling and working and a much more better public service are being made to provide people from other provinces good life quality, building Xi'an into a low-lying land where converging talents, a high-land where provide full conditions to talents. Furthermore, it has actively implemented the "Three New Policies" of household registration, talents, and innovation of entrepreneurship. The number of newly increased market subjects was 406,000 , and newly settled population was 707,000. The net inflow of talents ranks among the top in the metropolis nationwide, and "Xi attraction(the attraction of Xi'an) continues to increase.
——Beautiful landscape scenery
Blue sky and white clouds, green mountains and clear water have become the main features of Xi'an, which attracts large number of tourists to visit and go sightseeing. Only during the May 1st International Labor Day in 2018, more than 1014.56 tourists visited Xi’an from home and abroad.
Qinling Mountains, to the south of Xi’an, are landmark mountains of Xi'an. It is credited as the "dragon vein of Chinese civilization". Qinling Mountains stretch from the east to the west, they constitute the dividing line of climate between southern and northern China with Huaihe River. Zhongnanshan, Qinling Mountains, is credited as "World Geological Park by the UN". Xi'an has converged eight national forest parks including Hongqing Mountain, Lishan Mountain, Wangshun Mountain, Niubeiliang, Taiping, Rosefinch (Zhu que), Heihe and Taibai Mountain National Forest Parks. Qinling Mountains is also home to many rare animals like Crested Ibis (nippon), giant panda, golden monkey and takin, they are praised as Four Treasures of Qinling Mountains.
Xi'an is a lifeful city of vitality and energy：it develops rapidly with prosperous industries.
With the deepening of the implementation of West Development Strategy, "Central Shaanxi-Tianshui Economic Area Development Plan", "One Belt, One Road"strategy and as Xi’an has been approved as one of the central cities in China, the economic and social development of Xi'an has stepped on a fast and good ascending path. It has been honored as one of the "rising global cities with the greatest development potential" and one of the "12 top mainland cities in China", etc.
——Opening up to the outside world keeps deepening. Xi'an has become sister cities with 31 cities in 25 countries around the world. It has set up friendly exchange relationship with 56 cities including St. Pittsburg, Russia. Korea, Thailand and Cambodia have set up Consulates in General in Xi’an respectively. There are around 3400 foreign enterprises in the whole city, and 174 overseas World Top 500 enterprises have set up branches or subsidiaries in Xi’an.
——The perfection of the industrial system has been accelerated. Up till now, Xi'an has formed an excellent development pattern supported by five leading industries of high-tech industries, equipment manufacturing industry, tourism, modern service industry and cultural industry, with rising strategic industries represented by intelligent terminal, electronic information, new energy automobiles and biomedicine as the new power, and led by high-tech, economic development, astronautics, aerospace among other national development districts. It has a complete range of industries, and outstanding agglomeration effect. It has become an important industrial base for China's electronic information, astronautics, aerospace, oil equipment, automobile manufacturing, and nonferrous metal, among other industries. In particular, strategic rising industries have a strong momentum.
——Traffic is convenient and smooth. Xi'an is an important transportation hub city in China, and a visa-free city for 72 hours of transit. The total mileage of road traffic in the whole city is 13,000 km. Three subway lines have already been built and operated, in addition, the construction of five lines is now being accelerated. It is one of the six hubs for highways in China. On the basis of the 324 domestic and international routes that have been opened in and 24 countries can be accessed from Xi'an Xianyang International Airport, in 2018, the third-phase airport expansion project will be launched, another 10 international passage routes and 4 international cargo routes will be opened. The two-hour aeronautical circle, eight-hour railway circle and one-day highway circle radiate to over 2/3 of the cities of China, With the accelerated construction of national “mi zi” (a Chinese character meaning lead in and extend out all direction) shaped high-speed railway project, Xi'an will become a city with the largest number of converging high-speed railway routes in China.
——The city's functions keep being improved. Infrastructure construction and management keep being strengthened. Only in 2017, 27 dead-end roads were knocked through, 1900 purely electric buses were purchased, effectively relieving the citizens’ difficulty in going out. 19 villages in the city (shanty towns) and 2690,000 m2 of old communities were newly renovated, improving the residential condition of the general publics dramatically; 1668 toilets were built or renovated, making Xi’an credited as “National Outstanding City for Toilet Revolution”; food security for the masses was forcefully guaranteed, Xi’an was credited among the first batch of “National Demonstration Cities for Food Security”; 3 new theme parks, 62 afforestation squares and 86 afforestation demonstration roads were built, 5710,000 m2 of city green land and 42,700 mu of forest were added for afforestation, the construction of "Quality Xi’an" has stepped up, citizens’sense of satisfaction and happiness kept being improved, realizing special honor of China's Annually Happiest City" for six consecutive times.
The Development Future of Xi’an
Currently, Xi’an has entered a brand new development period, the construction of international metropolis, national central city, the core area of Xi’an in Shaanxi Free Trade Area as well as the experimental area for the all-round national innovation and reform, national independent innovation demonstration area, national airport economic demonstration area, a new round of Western Development and "One Belt, One Road" strategy of China among other dividend policies outnumbered any previous period. Xi’an has proposed the objective of achieving the goal of "focus on three goals, six supporting systems, nine projects , revitalizing Great Xi’an".
"Three", refers to three goals: completing the building of a moderately prosperous society in all respects, achieving over 1,000 billion yuan of GDP and building a excellent National Central City.
"Six", refers to contructing six-dimension supporting system of “three centers, two highlands, and National Integrate Transportation hub”: Western economic center, Silk Road Scientific Innovation Center, Center for Foreign Exchange, Silk Road Cultural Highland, Inland Open Highland and National Integrated Transportation Hub.
"Nine", refers to effectinely advancing the construction of nine key tasks that should be consolidated and grasped: economic strength, innovative energy, development level, cultural strength, transportation hub, city public functions, ecological function, quality of people’s life, and social governance should be obviously enhanced.
Xi’an will center on the goal of "world famous city, cultural capital". It will make efforts to build a city of
innovative and entrepreneurial capital on the "Belt and Road" strategy, a global "hard science and technologies" capital leading new economic development, world cultural capital representing China’s outstanding traditional culture, world tourism and fashion capital and modern ecological and livable capital, giving full play to the core leading role as a national central city and the strategic supporting function of natinal opening-up westward, accelerating the pace of cosmopolitan construction for Europe-Asia cooperation and exchanging, sparing no effort to write a new chapter of great development, making great breakthrough and great leap for great Xi’an in the new era.